Færder National encompasses 340 square kilometers mainland, islands, reefs and seabed in Tjøme and Nøtterøy municipality. It extends from Ormøy in the north to Færder lighthouse in the south. Islands south of Hvasser, World’s End and Moutmarka are included in the national park. Right in the Oslo fjord borders Færder National to Outer Hvaler National Park.
(See map here!)
The area can be divided into the following landscape types: archipelago, coastal zone, agriculture and forests and urban areas.
The archipelago is a very distinctive natural and cultural landscape, with national conservation value. The conservation plan for the Oslo fjord therefore proposes to protect the archipelago in the east as a conservation area under the Nature Conservation Act. The archipelago is often divided into three subtypes:
Utskjærgården is a garrison against the eastern sea, and consists of mostly barren islets and reefs, such as Fulehuk, Rauer and Hooves. Bird life is marked by black-backed gull, Larus fuscus, eiders, cormorants and gray goose. On the reefs can sometimes be seen seals (fjordsel).
Midtskjærgården, the middle archipelago has somewhat bigger islands and islets. Many are frequently visited by boaters, such as Masselø, Ramsholmen, Skjellerø, Lindholmen and Roppestadholmen. It has often shrub vegetation such as blackthorn, buckthorn, Viburnum and rose-hip. Spruce and pine occur, often in smaller populations. Bird life is dominated by gulls, particularly herring gulls and gull. Otherwise we encounter waders like curlew, redshank, ringed plover and sandpiper. Mute swan nests are found in the middle and inner archipelago.
Innskjærgården, the inner archipelago consists mostly of large, forested islands with pine and some fir. Examples are Bjerkø, North and South Årø, Hvalø and Gåsø. Some of the islands are botanical hot spots with very many plant species and communities. Vestre Bolærne is an example of this. Here there have been no felling of importance over the past 150 years, and most of the island is protected as coniferous reserve. Insect life is also very rich in some of the islands, including Bolærne. Bird life in innskjærgården is reminiscent of that found on the main island, including tits, woodpeckers and singers. Tower falcons also find nesting sites here. The largest islands have permanent populations of deer and hare. Otherwise mink is found in many places, making major indents in the seabird population.
The large islands had permanent settlement and farming for centuries, and grazing is still taking place in several sites.
The coastal zone is relatively uniform by nature, with many rock beaches and terrain that slopes steeply into the sea. The areas northeast of the island stands out, with shallow clay plains and low-lying farmland. The costal area here is a part of Trælabassenget, which has great significance for ducks and waders. Large parts of the coastal zone in the south and east is developed with homes, condominiums and marinas. In the west is mostly agricultural and forest land sloping down towards the sea.
The landscape is hilly with clear outcrops, ravines and rocks. The bedrock consists of intrusive igneous larvikite. Soils consist of moraine, sand and loam. Tjøme is located outside the large moraine that runs through Vestfold, but an older moraine that called by physical geographers as the Tjøme Whales, stage cross Tjøme and can be seen for example in Moutmarka and Sandø. Previously this moraine was called the Tjøme-ra.
In the beachfront, it is easy to find fossils in loose blocks which have been transported by the ice.
Tjøme has beaches, wetlands, forests and cultural landscape with a rich vegetation and several rare species. The forests are small, but includes several types of protection forests on the coast which protects the inland forest, through leafy forest to dark spruce forest areas. Plants and rocks in the beach area is subject to heavy wear from the extensive outdoor life on the islands.
On the northern part of the island is the lake Kynna, which is rich in wildlife and in the old days was used as a water source for the Mølledammen mill. In the north and south we have rich wetland habitats. Red listed species of leech are found here.
In cooperation with the Oslofjord Outdoor Recreation Council Tjøme Municipality has secured 4 km² (about 12% of the municipal area) as recreational areas. These are recreational areas open to all. It applies popular seaside destinations like Moutmarka, Mostranda and World's end with the characteristic tilt lighthouse at the southernmost Tjøme, several nice beaches on Hvasser (amongst other Lille Skagen, Fynsletta and Sydstrand) and a number of islands, such as the island of Ildverket.
There are also a number of areas and islands in private ownership where people are welcome, for example. on Sandø outside Sandøsund by Hvasser.
See map on KYSTVERKET.no
Create free walking maps on NORGESKART.no
KYSTLEDEN – THE COASTAL WAY.
Kystleden is a network of affordable accommodation along the coast, open for everyone. The idea is to give you the opportunity to experience the archipelago in an environmentally friendly way, focusing on both nature and culture.
The cabins are located in some of the finest open-air areas in the bay, which we hope will inspire active outdoor life - for young and old. Some cabins are located on islands, and a rowing boat is often included in the rent.
Oslofjord Outdoor Recreation Council (OF) is responsible for booking and coordination of Oslo Fjord.
Oslofjord Outdoor Recreation – Kystleden